Intro to Water Well Drilling

Water well drilling is an advanced process which, to be done efficiently and correctly, requires more than just a drill. Preparation and training go a long way toward maximizing success.


Proper training helps operators become familiar with equipment, as well as the different roles on a drill site. Understanding the distinct roles of fellow drill team members reduces confusion about individual responsibilities, minimizing the risk of injury. Training also provides a hands-on opportunity to view drilling equipment and learn safe operation procedures. To get up and running, Lone Star Drills provides training videos and 24/7 support.

Drill Selection

Lone Star Service Kit

The Lone Star Drills Service Kit includes the necessities for drilling in remote areas, as well as the basics for drill maintenance and repair.

To choose the best water well drilling rig for your operation, determine the soil conditions and drilling depth you plan to encounter. Water well drillers face major expenses when drills can’t meet the challenges of a project’s location. Using a drill best suited for the soil conditions will minimize premature wear and reduce the risk of breakdowns, which can result in safety hazards.

Mechanical Drills:

  • Excellent for drilling in sand, clay and loamy soils
  • 100- to 200-foot depths
  • Minimal moving parts
  • Lightweight, portable and great for less-experienced drillers

Hydraulic Drills:

  • Ample power for drilling through hard rock formations
  • 300- to 400-foot depths
  • As much as 5,000 pounds of push-down force
  • Trailer-mounted option for easy set up and portability

Additional Tips

  • Drilling Location: Before drilling, determine a safe well location with stable ground, low risk of contamination and convenient access.
  • Dress for success: When drilling, it’s important to dress appropriately. Wear work boots, hard hats and comfortable clothing that will not restrict movement. However, avoid anything loose that could get caught on moving parts.
  • Maintenance: Regular maintenance is essential to preventing equipment damage and reducing downtime. Check equipment daily for proper lubrication to keep the operation running smoothly and prolong the life of the drill.
  • Come Prepared: Some manufacturers offer service kits stocked with common wear parts and tools to help operators complete repairs quickly and ensure nothing is left behind.
  • Clean up: When drilling is complete, clean the equipment and drill site. Properly caring for equipment saves tremendous amounts of time and ensures a safe start for the next job.

Proper preparation, situational awareness and routine cleaning and maintenance are the foundation of successful drilling.